The S&T Resource Allocation
As part of its mission to review the national science and technology (S&T) agenda and vision as well as develop top-down guidelines for S&T policies and resource allocation, the Board of Science and Technology (BOST) approved and initiated the Policy Review Process Guideline for S&T Program in 2015. Based on this guideline, the Office of Science and Technology works with ministries to align policy directions and guide the preparation of their budget requests.
The S&T resource allocation process is synchronized with the BOST board meeting schedule. Every spring, after a thorough discussion of policy goals and budget proposals for the next fiscal year, a preliminary decision on funding levels for proposed priorities is concluded in the board meeting at the beginning of the year. The Ministry of Science & Technology (MOST) then conducts Technical Review sessions to verify the readiness and cost-effectiveness of technology adoption as outlined in each program or project. The final budget decisions are thereafter approved in the July board meeting.
The S&T Resource Allocation Process
Policy (Program) Review
→(S&T Budget Plan Preview)
→(Evaluation of Technology Readiness, Adoption, and Cost-effectiveness)
The Basics of The Review Framework
A. Policy Alignment and Priorities: In accordance with national vision and agenda, the Policy Review sessions will identify top down policy priorities for the allocation of resources, and ensure policy coherence and direction alignment.
B. Block Funding and Policy Program Funding in an optimal mix:
1. Block Funding: Each agency proposes its major S&T policy direction and manages its core program budget accordingly.
2. Policy Program Funding: Funding is complied with top-down priorities and policy direction to support major S&T policy program with cross-ministries needs.
C. Competitive Framework: Encourage agencies to compete for the budget, to propose advance planning for challenging programs/ projects with high impact or urgent needs.
D. Allocation Management:
1. Manage the level of funding for Block Funding and Policy Program Funding.
2. Evaluate policy impact, set preliminary priority ranking, and discuss the level of funding for major programs and each area.
Functional Categories for S&T Project Review
S&T projects are divided into 8 categories: (1) Life S&T, (2) Environmental S&T, (3) Information and Communications Technology, (4) Engineering Technology, (5) IT-enabled Services, (6) S&T Policies, (7) ICT Infrastructure (re-allocated from Public Infrastructure Funding), (8) Expansion of Technology Adoption and Application.